29605143221008400001761612--12-312022Q1false29605143221008400.930.730000-0000000true29579364296444380.930.73P5DP5YP5YP6MP5YP6MP5Y0001761612us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:IonisSharePurchaseAgreementMemberbcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-07-092021-07-090001761612us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:ShareOptionPlan2019Member2020-06-012020-06-300001761612us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-03-310001761612us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-03-310001761612us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-03-310001761612us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310001761612us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310001761612us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310001761612dei:AdrMemberbcyc:IonisSharePurchaseAgreementMemberbcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-07-090001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2021-01-012021-12-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2019Member2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2020-06-300001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2019-05-310001761612bcyc:EmployeeAndDirectorMemberus-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2019Member2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2020-06-012020-06-300001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:PreIpoShareOptionsAndRestrictedSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Memberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Memberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2020-06-012020-06-300001761612srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2019Member2022-01-012022-03-310001761612srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2019Member2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2020-06-012020-06-300001761612srt:DirectorMemberus-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2020-06-012020-06-300001761612bcyc:EmployeeAndDirectorMemberus-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInLexingtonMassachusettsMember2017-09-300001761612bcyc:TargetThreeResearchLicenseAndRelatedServicesMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:TargetThreeResearchLicenseAndRelatedServicesMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:DementiaDiscoveryFundCollaborationAgreementMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:TargetThreeMaterialRightMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2020-01-012020-12-310001761612bcyc:ConsultancyServicesWithStoneSunnyIslesInc.Member2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:ConsultancyServicesWithStoneSunnyIslesInc.Member2021-01-012021-03-310001761612us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:EquipmentMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:EquipmentMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInLexingtonMassachusettsMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInLexingtonMassachusettsMember2021-01-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInLexingtonMassachusettsMember2017-09-012017-09-300001761612us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612country:US2022-03-310001761612country:GB2022-03-310001761612country:US2021-12-310001761612country:GB2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:TermLoanMemberbcyc:LoanAndSecurityAgreementMember2020-09-300001761612bcyc:InitialTermLoanMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:InitialTermLoanMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:EmployeeAndDirectorMemberus-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:UKPlanMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:Plan401KMembercountry:US2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:UKPlanMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:Plan401KMembercountry:US2021-01-012021-03-310001761612us-gaap:PrimeRateMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:PrepaymentOccursInAfterYearTwoMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:InitialTermLoanMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:InitialTermLoanMember2020-09-300001761612bcyc:AdditionalTermLoanOneMemberbcyc:LoanAndSecurityAgreementMember2021-03-100001761612bcyc:InitialTermLoanMemberbcyc:LoanAndSecurityAgreementMember2020-09-300001761612bcyc:AdditionalTermLoanTwoMemberbcyc:LoanAndSecurityAgreementMember2020-09-300001761612bcyc:AdditionalTermLoanOneMemberbcyc:LoanAndSecurityAgreementMember2020-09-300001761612us-gaap:PrimeRateMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:Target4AndTarget5MaterialRightsMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:DeferredRevenueMaterialRightsOptionMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:DementiaDiscoveryFundCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:DeferredRevenueMaterialRightsOptionMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:TargetSixMaterialRightMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:IonisEvaluationAndOptionAgreementMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:DementiaDiscoveryFundCollaborationAgreementMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:MaterialRightsAssociatedWithLsrGoOptionForCollaborationProgramsThreeMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2021-10-310001761612bcyc:FourMaterialRightsForSubstitutionRightsForTechnicalFailureMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2021-10-310001761612bcyc:IonisEvaluationAndOptionAgreementMember2020-12-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2020-12-310001761612bcyc:DementiaDiscoveryFundCollaborationAgreementMember2020-12-310001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2020-12-310001761612us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-03-310001761612us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310001761612us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2022-01-010001761612us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2022-01-010001761612bcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2020-06-3000017616122021-03-3100017616122020-12-310001761612us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-012021-03-310001761612dei:AdrMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-01-012022-03-3100017616122022-05-020001761612us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Memberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberbcyc:PreIpoShareOptionsAndRestrictedSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Memberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2020-06-012020-06-300001761612us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberbcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:ShareOptionPlan2020Member2020-06-012020-06-300001761612us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2019-05-012019-05-310001761612bcyc:TargetThreeResearchLicenseAndRelatedServicesMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:TargetThreeMaterialRightMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:TargetSixMaterialRightMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:TargetFourMaterialRightMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:TargetFiveMaterialRightMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:TwoMaterialRightsForExpansionOptionsMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:TwoMaterialRightsAssociatedWithLsrGoOptionForCollaborationProgramsOneAndTwoMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:SpecifiedTargetingArmMaterialRightArmProgramOneMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:FourMaterialRightsForSubstitutionRightsForTechnicalFailureMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:FourMaterialRightsAssociatedWithCreditsForIndAcceptanceFeesMemberbcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:CombinedLicensesAndResearchAndDiscoveryPerformanceObligationMemberbcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:CollaborationTwoPerformanceObligationMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:CollaborationOnePerformanceObligationMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2019-06-300001761612bcyc:DevelopmentMilestoneMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-310001761612bcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-310001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-3100017616122019-12-3100017616122016-12-130001761612us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMember2021-12-310001761612bcyc:LaboratoryEquipmentAndLeaseholdImprovementsMember2022-03-310001761612srt:MinimumMemberbcyc:CancerResearchUkBtSevenFourZeroOneMember2019-12-012019-12-310001761612srt:MaximumMemberbcyc:CancerResearchUkBtSevenFourZeroOneMember2019-12-012019-12-310001761612srt:MinimumMemberbcyc:CancerResearchUkBtOneSevenOneEightMember2016-12-132016-12-130001761612srt:MaximumMemberbcyc:CancerResearchUkBtOneSevenOneEightMember2016-12-132016-12-130001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-012018-05-310001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInLexingtonMassachusettsMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInBuilding900BabrahamResearchCampusCambridgeMember2017-10-310001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInBuilding900BabrahamResearchCampusCambridgeMember2021-12-310001761612us-gaap:RoyaltyMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-012018-05-310001761612bcyc:TwoMaterialRightsForExpansionOptionsMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-212020-02-210001761612bcyc:TwoMaterialRightsAssociatedWithLsrGoOptionForCollaborationProgramsOneAndTwoMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:TwoMaterialRightsAssociatedWithLsrGoOptionForCollaborationProgramsOneAndTwoMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-212020-02-210001761612bcyc:AdditionalTermLoanOneMemberbcyc:LoanAndSecurityAgreementMember2022-03-152022-03-150001761612bcyc:OfficeAndLaboratorySpaceInBuilding900BabrahamResearchCampusCambridgeMember2021-12-060001761612bcyc:IonisSharePurchaseAgreementMemberbcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-07-090001761612bcyc:CollaborationProgramThreePerformanceObligationMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2021-10-012021-10-310001761612bcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:PrepaymentOccursInSecondYearMember2022-03-310001761612bcyc:PrepaymentOccursInFirstYearMember2022-03-310001761612us-gaap:LicenseAgreementTermsMemberbcyc:AdditionalFourTargetsOptionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-310001761612bcyc:RegulatoryMilestoneMemberus-gaap:FavorableRegulatoryActionMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-310001761612bcyc:DevelopmentMilestoneMemberus-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentArrangementMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-310001761612bcyc:CommercialMilestoneMemberbcyc:CommercialMilestoneMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2018-05-310001761612bcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:DementiaDiscoveryFundCollaborationAgreementMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:IonisEvaluationAndOptionAgreementMember2021-01-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2021-01-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:DementiaDiscoveryFundCollaborationAgreementMember2021-01-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2021-01-012021-12-3100017616122021-01-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:ServiceForInitialSixMonthMemberbcyc:AmendedIonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-12-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:ServiceForAdditionalSixMonthMemberbcyc:AmendedIonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-12-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:IonisEvaluationAndOptionAgreementMember2021-07-092021-07-090001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-212020-02-210001761612bcyc:AmendedIonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-12-012021-12-310001761612bcyc:RespiratoryCardiovascularAndMetabolicMemberbcyc:AstrazenecaCollaborationAgreementMember2016-11-012016-11-300001761612bcyc:IonisEvaluationAndOptionAgreementMember2022-01-012022-03-310001761612bcyc:IonisEvaluationAndOptionAgreementMember2020-01-012020-12-310001761612bcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-07-092021-07-090001761612bcyc:CollaborationProgramThreePerformanceObligationMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2021-10-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2021-03-310001761612bcyc:RegulatoryMilestoneMembersrt:MaximumMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-210001761612bcyc:DevelopmentMilestoneMembersrt:MaximumMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-210001761612srt:MaximumMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-210001761612bcyc:SpecifiedTargetingArmMaterialRightArmProgramOneMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-210001761612srt:MaximumMemberbcyc:CollaborationPerformanceOneAndTwoMemberbcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-210001761612bcyc:IonisCollaborationAgreementMember2021-07-0900017616122021-01-012021-03-310001761612bcyc:GenentechMember2020-02-2100017616122022-01-012022-03-3100017616122022-03-3100017616122021-12-31iso4217:USDbcyc:itemxbrli:purebcyc:employeexbrli:sharesbcyc:installmentiso4217:USDxbrli:sharesiso4217:GBPxbrli:sharesbcyc:segment

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                to               

Commission File Number: 001-38916

Bicycle Therapeutics plc

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

England and Wales

    

Not Applicable

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

B900, Babraham Research Campus
Cambridge, United Kingdom

CB22 3AT

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: +44 1223 261503

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Ordinary shares, nominal value £0.01 per share *

n/a

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

American Depositary Shares, each representing one ordinary share, nominal value £0.01 per share

BCYC

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Not for trading, but only in connection with the listing of the American Depositary Shares on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes    No 

As of May 2, 2022, the registrant had 29,648,534 ordinary shares, nominal value £0.01 per share, outstanding.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Page

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1

Item 1.

Financial Statements (unaudited)

1

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

1

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

2

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

4

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

30

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

45

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

46

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

47

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

47

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

48

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

105

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

105

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

105

Item 5.

Other Information

106

Item 6.

Exhibits

106

SIGNATURES

107

i

Table of Contents

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements which are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These statements may be identified by such forward-looking terminology as “may,” “should,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue” or variations of these words or similar expressions that are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these words. Any forward-looking statement involves known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statement. Forward-looking statements include statements, other than statements of historical fact, about, among other things:

statements regarding the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on our operations, research and development and clinical trials and potential disruption in the operations and business of third-party manufacturers, contract research organizations, or CROs, other service providers, and collaborators with whom we conduct business;
the initiation, timing, progress and results of our preclinical studies and clinical trials, and our research and development programs;
our ability to advance our product candidates into, and successfully complete, clinical trials;
our reliance on the success of our product candidates in our Bicycle® Toxin Conjugate, or BTCTM, Bicycle tumor-targeted immune cell agonist®, or Bicycle TICATM and other pipeline programs;
our ability to utilize our screening platform to identify and advance additional product candidates into clinical development;
the timing or likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals;
the commercialization of our product candidates, if approved;
our ability to develop sales and marketing capabilities;
the pricing, coverage and reimbursement of our product candidates, if approved;
the implementation of our business model, strategic plans for our business, product candidates and technology;
the scope of protection we are able to establish and maintain for intellectual property rights covering our product candidates and technology;
our ability to operate our business without infringing the intellectual property rights and proprietary technology of third parties;
costs associated with defending intellectual property infringement, product liability and other claims;
regulatory development in the United States, under the laws and regulations of England and Wales, and other jurisdictions;
estimates of our expenses, future revenues, capital requirements and our needs for additional financing;

ii

Table of Contents

the amount of and our ability to satisfy interest and principal payments under our debt facility with Hercules Capital, Inc., or Hercules;
the potential benefits of strategic collaboration agreements and our ability to enter into strategic arrangements;
our ability to maintain and establish collaborations or obtain additional grant funding;
the rate and degree of market acceptance of any approved products;
developments relating to our competitors and our industry, including competing therapies;
our ability to effectively manage our anticipated growth;
our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel;
statements regarding future revenue, hiring plans, expenses, capital expenditures, capital requirements and share performance; and
other risks and uncertainties, including those listed under the caption “Risk Factors.”

Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, these statements are based on our estimates or projections of the future that are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, level of activity, performance, experience or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement. These risks, uncertainties and other factors are described in greater detail under the caption “Risk Factors” in Part II. Item 1A and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. As a result of the risks and uncertainties, the results or events indicated by the forward-looking statements may not occur. Undue reliance should not be placed on any forward-looking statement.

In addition, any forward-looking statement in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q represents our views only as of the date of this quarterly report and should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any subsequent date. We anticipate that subsequent events and developments may cause our views to change. Although we may elect to update these forward-looking statements publicly at some point in the future, we specifically disclaim any obligation to do so, except as required by applicable law. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make.

iii

Table of Contents

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements.

Bicycle Therapeutics plc

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

March 31, 

December 31,

    

2022

    

2021

Assets

 

  

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

407,371

$

438,680

Accounts receivable

 

 

1,000

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

9,067

 

7,965

Research and development incentives receivable

 

13,328

 

10,910

Total current assets

 

429,766

 

458,555

Property and equipment, net

 

8,849

 

3,123

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

16,750

 

14,666

Other assets

 

4,198

 

3,448

Total assets

$

459,563

$

479,792

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

 

Accounts payable

$

3,999

$

2,721

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

12,265

 

14,244

Deferred revenue, current portion

 

19,150

 

19,273

Total current liabilities

 

35,414

 

36,238

Long-term debt, net of discount

30,008

29,873

Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion

 

14,093

 

12,081

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

46,428

52,067

Other long‑term liabilities

 

3,362

 

3,279

Total liabilities

 

129,305

 

133,538

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

 

  

 

  

Shareholders’ equity:

 

  

 

  

Ordinary shares, £0.01 nominal value; 57,070,181 and 55,295,420 shares authorized at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively; 29,644,438 and 29,579,364 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively

 

385

 

384

Additional paid-in capital

 

578,284

 

567,637

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(2,468)

 

(3,388)

Accumulated deficit

 

(245,943)

 

(218,379)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

330,258

 

346,254

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$

459,563

$

479,792

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements

1

Table of Contents

Bicycle Therapeutics plc

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Collaboration revenues

$

3,860

$

1,808

Operating expenses:

 

 

Research and development

 

14,284

 

9,693

General and administrative

 

16,959

 

8,139

Total operating expenses

 

31,243

 

17,832

Loss from operations

 

(27,383)

 

(16,024)

Other income (expense):

 

 

  

Interest income

 

218

 

15

Interest expense

(818)

(522)

Total other income (expense), net

 

(600)

 

(507)

Net loss before income tax provision

 

(27,983)

 

(16,531)

Benefit from income taxes

 

(419)

 

(340)

Net loss

$

(27,564)

$

(16,191)

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(0.93)

$

(0.73)

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

29,605,143

 

22,100,840

Comprehensives Loss:

 

 

  

Net loss

$

(27,564)

$

(16,191)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

920

 

(58)

Total comprehensive loss

$

(26,644)

$

(16,249)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements

2

Table of Contents

Bicycle Therapeutics plc

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

(In thousands, except share data)

(Unaudited)

Accumulated

Additional

Other

Total

Ordinary Shares

Paidin

Comprehensive

Accumulated

Shareholders’

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Income (Loss)

  

Deficit

  

Equity (Deficit)

Balance at December 31, 2021

29,579,364

$

384

$

567,637

$

(3,388)

$

(218,379)

$

346,254

Issuance of ADSs upon exercise of share options

30,074

1

449

450

Issuance of ADSs upon vesting of restricted share units

35,000

Share-based compensation expense

10,198

10,198

Foreign currency translation adjustment

920

920

Net loss

(27,564)

(27,564)

Balance at March 31, 2022

29,644,438

$

385

$

578,284

$

(2,468)

$

(245,943)

$

330,258

Balance at December 31, 2020

21,094,557

$

266

$

249,947

$

(3,193)

$

(151,560)

$

95,460

Issuance of ADSs upon exercise of share options

63,545

1

283

284

Issuance of ADSs, net of commissions and offering expenses of $1.8 million

2,358,485

33

58,742

58,775

Share-based compensation expense

3,821

3,821

Foreign currency translation adjustment

(58)

(58)

Net loss

(16,191)

(16,191)

Balance at March 31, 2021

23,516,587

$

300

$

312,793

$

(3,251)

$

(167,751)

$

142,091

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements

3

Table of Contents

Bicycle Therapeutics plc

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

Three Months

Ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

Net loss

$

(27,564)

$

(16,191)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

  

Share-based compensation expense

 

10,198

 

3,821

Depreciation and amortization

 

422

 

325

Non-cash interest

135

93

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

Accounts receivable

 

991

 

3,520

Research and development incentives receivable

 

(2,774)

 

(2,277)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

(1,341)

 

(922)

Operating lease right‑of‑use assets

 

650

 

(2,434)

Other assets

 

(748)

 

(353)

Accounts payable

 

(255)

 

(304)

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

(2,337)

 

(1,858)

Operating lease liabilities

 

(105)

 

2,466

Deferred revenue

 

(3,850)

 

236

Other long-term liabilities

 

178

 

171

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(26,400)

 

(13,707)

Cash used in investing activities:

 

 

  

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(4,756)

 

(623)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(4,756)

 

(623)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

  

Proceeds from the issuance of ADSs, net of issuance costs

58,775

Proceeds from the exercise of share options and ordinary shares

450

284

Proceeds from issuance of debt

15,000

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

450

 

74,059

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(603)

 

182

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

(31,309)

 

59,911

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

438,680

 

135,990

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

407,371

$

195,901

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

 

  

Cash paid for interest

664

429

Cash paid for income taxes

 

(35)

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities

 

375

 

199

Purchases of property and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued expenses

1,630

76

Non-cash impact right-of-use asset and operating lease liabilities

 

3,120

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements

4

Table of Contents

Bicycle Therapeutics plc

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1. Nature of the business and basis of presentation

Bicycle Therapeutics plc (collectively with its subsidiaries, the “Company”) is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing a novel class of medicines, which the Company refers to as Bicycles, for diseases that are underserved by existing therapeutics. Bicycles are a unique therapeutic modality combining the pharmacology usually associated with a biologic with the manufacturing and pharmacokinetic properties of a small molecule. The Company’s initial internal programs are focused on oncology indications with high unmet medical need. The Company is evaluating BT5528, a second-generation Bicycle Toxin Conjugate (“BTC”) targeting Ephrin type-A receptor 2 (“EphA2”), in a Company-sponsored Phase I/II clinical trial, BT8009, a second-generation BTCTM  targeting Nectin-4, in a Company-sponsored Phase I/II clinical trial, and BT7480, a Bicycle tumor-targeted immune cell agonist® (“Bicycle TICATM”) targeting Nectin-4 and agonizing CD137, in a Company-sponsored Phase I/II clinical trial. In addition, BT1718, a BTC that is being developed to target tumors that express Membrane Type 1 matrix metalloproteinase, is being investigated for safety, tolerability and efficacy in an ongoing Phase I/IIa clinical trial sponsored and fully funded by the Centre for Drug Development of Cancer Research UK. The Company’s discovery pipeline in oncology includes Bicycle-based systemic immune cell agonists and Bicycle TICAs. Beyond the Company’s wholly-owned oncology portfolio, the Company is collaborating with biopharmaceutical companies and organizations in immuno-oncology, anti-infective, cardiovascular, ophthalmology, dementia, central nervous system, neuromuscular and respiratory indications.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Bicycle Therapeutics plc and its wholly owned subsidiaries, BicycleTx Limited, BicycleRD Limited and Bicycle Therapeutics Inc. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated on consolidation.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).

Liquidity

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $407.4 million.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of continuity of operations, realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the ordinary course of business. Since inception, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to business planning, research and development, recruiting management and technical staff, and raising capital. The Company has funded its operations with proceeds from the sale of its ordinary shares and American Depositary Shares (“ADSs”), including in its initial public offering (“IPO”) completed in May 2019 and follow-on offering completed in October 2021, offerings pursuant to its at-the-market offering program (“ATM”) program, prior to its IPO convertible preferred shares, proceeds received from its collaboration arrangements (Note 9) and proceeds from a loan agreement with Hercules Capital, Inc. (“Hercules”) (Note 6). The Company has incurred recurring losses since inception, including net losses of $27.6 million and $16.2 million, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $245.9 million. The Company expects to continue to generate operating losses in the foreseeable future. The Company expects that its cash will be sufficient to fund its operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements through at least twelve months from the issuance date of these interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

The Company expects its expenses to increase substantially in connection with ongoing activities, particularly as the Company advances its preclinical activities and clinical trials for its product candidates in development. Accordingly, the Company will need to obtain additional funding in connection with continuing operations. If the Company is unable to raise capital when needed, or on attractive terms, it could be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate its research or drug development programs or any future commercialization efforts. Although management continues to

5

Table of Contents

pursue these plans, there is no assurance that the Company will be successful in obtaining sufficient funding on terms acceptable to the Company to fund continuing operations, if at all.

The Company is subject to risks common to companies in the biotechnology industry and in light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, including but not limited to, risks of delays in initiating or continuing research programs and clinical trials, risks of failure of preclinical studies and clinical trials, the need to obtain marketing approval for any drug product candidate that it may identify and develop, the need to successfully commercialize and gain market acceptance of its product candidates, dependence on key personnel and collaboration partners, protection of proprietary technology, compliance with government regulations, development by competitors of technological innovations, and the ability to secure additional capital to fund operations. Product candidates currently under development will require significant additional research and development efforts, including preclinical and clinical testing and regulatory approval prior to commercialization. Even if the Company’s research and development efforts are successful, it is uncertain when, if ever, the Company will realize significant revenue from product sales.

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

The Company’s significant accounting policies are disclosed in the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), on March 1, 2022 (the “2021 Annual Report”). Since the date of such consolidated financial statements, there have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies, other than those disclosed below.

Use of estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. Significant estimates and assumptions reflected in these condensed consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, the accrual for research and development expenses, revenue recognition, share-based compensation expense, valuation of right-of-use assets and liabilities, and income taxes, including the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience, known trends and other market-specific or other relevant factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Estimates are periodically reviewed in light of reasonable changes in circumstances, facts and experience. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. Actual results could differ from those estimates or assumptions.

Significant Risks and Uncertainties

In 2020, with the global spread of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the Company established a cross-functional task force and implemented business continuity plans designed to address and mitigate the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business. While the Company continues to experience limited financial impacts at this time, the Company has not disbanded this task force and continues to monitor the evolving pandemic and its potential effects on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

Certain information in the footnote disclosures of the financial statements has been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in the Company’s 2021 Annual Report.

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2022, condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, condensed consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity, and condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, and the related

6

Table of Contents

financial information disclosed in these notes are unaudited. The unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited annual financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021, and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2022, the results of its operations and its cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022, any other interim periods, or any future year or period.

Government grants

From time to time, the Company may enter into arrangements with governmental entities for the purpose of obtaining funding for research and development activities. The Company is reimbursed for costs incurred that are associated with specified research and development activities included in the grant application approved by the government authority. The Company recognizes government grant funding in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as the related expenses being funded are incurred. The Company classifies government grants received under these arrangements as a reduction to the related research and development expense incurred, and accrued but unpaid grant income is included in other current assets. The Company analyzes each arrangement on a case-by-case basis, and income is recognized when the Company concludes that it has reasonable assurance that it will comply with the conditions attached to the grant and the expenses have been incurred. There are no significant performance criteria other than to maintain satisfactory progress on the specified project, and there are no significant acceptance or recapture provisions associated with the government grants for the three month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $0.4 million and $1.1 million, as a reduction of research and development expense related to government grant arrangements, respectively. As of March 31, 2022, the Company has approximately $2.3 million of government grant funding remaining for future cost reimbursement through February of 2024.

Recently adopted accounting pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). The standard amends the impairment model by requiring entities to use a forward-looking approach based on expected losses to estimate credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments that aren’t measured at fair value through net income. For trade receivables, loans and held-to-maturity debt securities, companies will be required to recognize an allowance for credit losses rather than reducing the carrying value of the asset. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10, Financial Instruments — Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates to amend the effective date of ASU 2016-13, for entities eligible to be “smaller reporting companies,” as defined by the SEC, to be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2016-13as of January 1, 2022 on a prospective basis. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-10, Government Assistance (Topic 832): Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance (“ASU 2021-10”), which requires additional disclosures regarding the nature and terms of government assistance. ASU No. 2021-10 was effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021. The adoption of ASU 2021-10 did not have a material impact to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

3. Fair value of financial assets and liabilities

Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value are to be classified and disclosed in one of the following three levels of the fair value hierarchy, of which the first two are considered observable and the last is considered unobservable: Level 1, Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2, Observable inputs (other than Level 1 quoted prices), such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active for identical or similar assets or liabilities, or other inputs that are observable or can be

7

Table of Contents

corroborated by observable market data; Level 3, unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity that are significant to determining the fair value of the assets or liabilities, including pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques.

The carrying values of accounts receivable, research and development incentives receivable, other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses and other current liabilities approximate their fair values due to the short-term nature of these assets and liabilities. As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the carrying value of the long-term debt approximates its fair value, which was determined using unobservable Level 3 inputs, including quoted interest rates from a lender for borrowings with similar terms. As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, there were no assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

Cash and cash equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at date of purchase to be cash equivalents. The Company had $100.0 million of cash equivalents at each of the periods ended March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.

4. Property and equipment, net

Property and equipment, net consisted of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 

December 31,

    

2022

    

2021

Laboratory equipment

$

6,934

$

6,746

Leasehold improvements

 

6,379

 

809

Computer equipment and software

 

222

 

143

Furniture and office equipment

 

296

 

225

 

13,831

 

7,923

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(4,982)

 

(4,800)

$

8,849

$

3,123

As of March 31, 2022, approximately $6.4 million of leasehold improvements and laboratory equipment was not yet placed in service associated with the Company’s new facility in the U.K. Depreciation expense was $0.4 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

5. Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 

December 31,

    

2022

    

2021

Accrued employee compensation and benefits

$

2,670

$

6,429

Accrued external research and development expenses

 

5,150

 

3,980

Accrued professional fees

 

1,065

 

882

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

 

2,996

 

2,383

Other

 

384

 

570

$

12,265

$

14,244

6. Long-term debt

On September 30, 2020 (the “Closing Date”), Bicycle Therapeutics plc and its subsidiaries (the “Borrowers”) entered into a loan and security agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Hercules, which provided for aggregate maximum borrowings of up to $40.0 million, consisting of (i) a term loan of $15.0 million, which was funded on the Closing Date, (ii) subject to customary conditions, an additional term loan of up to $15.0 million available from the

8

Table of Contents

Closing Date through March 15, 2021, and (iii) subject to the Borrowers achieving certain performance milestones and satisfying customary conditions and available until March 15, 2022, an additional term loan of $10.0 million.

Borrowings under the Loan Agreement bear interest at an annual rate equal to the greater of (i) 8.85% or (ii) 5.60% plus The Wall Street Journal prime rate. On March 10, 2021 (“the Amendment Closing Date”), the Borrowers entered into the First Amendment to the Loan and Security Agreement (the “First Amendment to LSA”) with Hercules, in its capacity as administrative agent and collateral agent, and the lenders named in the First Amendment to LSA. Pursuant to the First Amendment to LSA, payments on borrowings under the Company’s debt facility with Hercules were interest-only until the first payment was due on August 1, 2023, which date was extended from November 1, 2022, followed by equal monthly payments of principal and interest through the scheduled maturity date on October 1, 2024 (the “Maturity Date”). If the Company achieved certain performance milestones, the interest-only period could be extended, with the first principal payment due on February 1, 2024, which date was extended from May 1, 2023. On the Amendment Closing Date and pursuant to the terms of the First Amendment to LSA, the Company borrowed the additional term loan of $15.0 million that had been available from September 30, 2020 to March 15, 2021. In November 2021, the performance milestones were achieved, and the interest only period was extended until February 1, 2024. On March 15, 2022 the additional term loan of $10.0 million expired unexercised.

At the Borrowers’ option, the Borrowers may prepay all or any portion greater than $5.0 million of the outstanding borrowings, subject to a prepayment premium equal to (i) 2.0% of the principal amount outstanding if the prepayment occurs during the first year following the Closing Date, (ii) 1.5% of the principal amount outstanding if the prepayment occurs during the second year following the Closing Date, and (iii) 1.0% of the principal amount outstanding if the prepayment occurs thereafter but prior to the Maturity Date. The Loan Agreement also provides for an end of term charge (the “End of Term Charge”), payable upon maturity or the repayment of obligations under the Loan Agreement, equal to 5.0% of the principal amount repaid. Borrowings under the Loan Agreement are collateralized by substantially all of the Borrower’s personal property and other assets, other than their intellectual property.  Hercules has a perfected first-priority security interest in certain cash accounts. The Loan Agreement contains customary affirmative and restrictive covenants and representations and warranties, including a covenant against the occurrence of a change in control, as defined in the agreement. There are no financial covenants. The Loan Agreement also includes customary events of default, including payment defaults, breaches of covenants following any applicable cure period, cross acceleration to third-party indebtedness, certain events relating to bankruptcy or insolvency, and the occurrence of certain events that could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, a default interest rate of an additional 5.0% may be applied to the outstanding principal and interest payments due, and Hercules may declare all outstanding obligations immediately due and payable and take such other actions as set forth in the Loan Agreement. The Company has determined that the risk of subjective acceleration under the material adverse events clause is not probable and therefore has classified the outstanding principal in long-term liabilities based on scheduled principal payments.

The Company incurred fees and transaction costs totaling $0.6 million associated with the initial term loan, which are recorded as a reduction to the carrying value of the long-term debt in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The fees, transaction costs, and the End of Term Charge are amortized to interest expense through the Maturity Date using the effective interest method. The Company evaluated the First Amendment to LSA, and concluded that the amendment represented a modification, as such, the fees and transaction costs associated with the initial term loan will continue to be amortized to interest expense through the Maturity Date. The effective interest rate of the Hercules borrowings was 11.5% at March 31, 2022.

The Company assessed all terms and features of the Loan Agreement in order to identify any potential embedded features that would require bifurcation. As part of this analysis, the Company assessed the economic characteristics and risks of the debt. The Company determined that all features of the Loan Agreement are clearly and closely associated with a debt host and, as such, do not require separate accounting as a derivative liability. Interest expense associated with the Loan Agreement for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $0.8 million and $0.5 million, respectively.

9

Table of Contents

Long-term debt consisted of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 

December 31,

    

2022

    

2021

Term loan payable

$

30,000

$

30,000

End of term charge

470

376

Unamortized debt issuance costs

(462)

(503)

Carrying value of term loan

$

30,008

$

29,873

Future principal payments, including the End of Term Charge, are as follows (in thousands):

Year Ending December 31, 

2022

$

2023

2024

31,500

Total

$

31,500


7. Ordinary shares

Each holder of ordinary shares is entitled to one vote per ordinary share and to receive dividends when and if such dividends are recommended by the board of directors and declared by the shareholders. Holders of ADSs are not treated as holders of the Company’s ordinary shares, unless they withdraw the ordinary shares underlying their ADSs in accordance with the deposit agreement and applicable laws and regulations. The depositary is the holder of the ordinary shares underlying the ADSs. Holders of ADSs therefore do not have any rights as holders of the Company’s ordinary shares, other than the rights that they have pursuant to the deposit agreement with the depositary. As of March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had not declared any dividends.

As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the Company’s authorized share capital consisted of 57,070,181 and 55,295,420 respectively, ordinary shares with a nominal value of £0.01 per share.

8. Share-based compensation

Employee incentive pool

2020 Equity Incentive Plan

In June 2020, the Company’s shareholders approved the Bicycle Therapeutics plc 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”), under which the Company may grant market value options, market value stock appreciation rights or restricted shares, restricted share units, performance restricted share units and other share-based awards to the Company’s employees. The Company’s non-employee directors and consultants are eligible to receive awards under the 2020 Non-Employee Sub-Plan to the 2020 Plan. All awards under the 2020 Plan, including the 2020 Non-Employee Sub-Plan, will be set forth in award agreements, which will detail the terms and conditions of awards, including any applicable vesting and payment terms, change of control provisions and post-termination exercise limitations. In the event of a change of control of the Company, as defined in the 2020 Plan, any outstanding awards under the 2020 Plan will vest in full immediately prior to such change of control.

The Company initially reserved up to 4,773,557 ordinary shares for future issuance under the 2020 Plan, representing 574,679 new shares, 544,866 shares that remained available for future issuance under the Company’s 2019 Share Option Plan (the “2019 Plan”) immediately prior to the effectiveness of the 2020 Plan and up to 3,654,012 shares subject to options that were granted under the 2019 Plan and that were granted pursuant to option contracts granted prior to the Company’s IPO, in each case that expire, terminate, are forfeited or otherwise not issued from time to time, if any. Additionally, the number of ordinary shares reserved for issuance pursuant to the 2020 Plan will automatically increase

10

Table of Contents

on the first day of January of each year, commencing on January 1, 2021, in an amount equal to 5% of the total number of the Company’s ordinary shares outstanding on the last day of the preceding year, or a lesser number of shares determined by the Company’s board of directors. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan was increased by 1,478,968 shares effective January 1, 2022.

Share options issued under the 2020 Share Option Plan have a 10 year contractual life, and generally vest over either a three year service period for non-employee directors, or a four year service period with 25% of the award vesting on the first anniversary of the vesting commencement date and the balance thereafter in 36 equal monthly installments for employees and consultants. Certain options granted to the Company’s non-employee directors vest immediately upon grant.

In 2022, the Company granted restricted share units (“RSUs”) to non-employee directors and certain employees under the 2020 Plan. Each RSU represents the right to receive one of the Company’s ordinary shares upon vesting. RSUs granted to employees vest over a four year service period with 25% of the award vesting on the first anniversary of the vesting commencement date and the remaining RSUs vest in 12 equal quarterly installments. Certain RSUs granted to the Company’s non-employee directors vest immediately upon grant.

As of March 31, 2022, there were 899,821 shares available for issuance, and options to purchase 2,613,157 shares and RSUs for 187,725 outstanding under the 2020 Plan.

2019 Share Option Plan

In May 2019, the Company adopted the 2019 Plan, which became effective in conjunction with the IPO. As of March 31, 2022, there were 2,163,227 options to purchase ordinary shares outstanding under the 2019 Plan. In conjunction with the adoption of the 2020 Plan, all shares available for future issuance under the 2019 Plan as of June 29, 2020 became available for issuance under the 2020 Plan and the Company ceased making awards under the 2019 Plan. The 2020 Plan is the successor of the 2019 Plan.

Share options previously issued under the 2019 Share Option Plan have a 10 year contractual life, and generally either vest monthly over a three year service period, or over a four-year service period with 25% of the award vesting on the first anniversary of the commencement date and the balance thereafter in 36 equal monthly installments. Certain awards granted to the Company’s non-employee directors were fully vested on the date of grant. The exercise price of share options issued under the 2019 Share Option Plan is not less than the fair value of ordinary shares as of the date of grant.

Employee Share Purchase Plan (“ESPP”)

In May 2019, the Company adopted the 2019 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”), which became effective in conjunction with the IPO. The Company initially reserved 215,000 ordinary shares for future issuance under this plan. The ESPP provides that the number of shares reserved and available for issuance will automatically increase each January 1, beginning on January 1, 2020 and each January 1 thereafter through January 1, 2029, by the least of (i) 1% of the outstanding number of ordinary shares on the immediately preceding December 31; (ii) 430,000 ordinary shares or (iii) such lesser number of shares as determined by the Compensation Committee. The number of shares reserved under the ESPP is subject to adjustment in the event of a split-up, share dividend or other change in our capitalization. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the ESPP was increased by 295,793 shares effective January 1, 2022. As of March 31, 2022, the total number of shares available for issuance under the ESPP was 901,675 ordinary shares. As of March 31, 2022, there have been no offering periods to employees under ESPP.

11

Table of Contents

Share-based compensation

The Company recorded share-based compensation expense in the following expense categories of its condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss (in thousands):

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Research and development expenses

$

2,364

$

1,211

General and administrative expenses

 

7,834

 

2,610

$

10,198

$

3,821

Share options

The following table summarizes the Company’s option activity since December 31, 2021:

Number of

Weighted

Shares

Weighted

Average

Aggregate

Underlying

Average

Contractual

Intrinsic

    

Share Options

    

Exercise Price

    

Term

    

Value

(in years)

(in thousands)

Outstanding as of December 31, 2021

 

4,603,486

$

14.97

 

8.13

$

207,009

Granted

 

899,747

 

58.96

 

 

Exercised

 

(30,074)

 

14.96

 

 

Forfeited

 

(93,818)

 

22.39

 

 

Outstanding as of March 31, 2022

 

5,379,341

$

22.20

 

8.17

$

130,435

Vested and expected to vest as of March 31, 2022

 

5,379,341

$

22.20

8.17

$

130,435

Options exercisable as of March 31, 2022

 

2,750,276

$

12.74

 

7.47

$

86,689

The weighted average grant-date fair value of share options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $40.94 per share and $12.60 per share, respectively.

The aggregate intrinsic value of share options is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the share options and the fair value of the Company’s ordinary shares. The aggregate intrinsic value of share options exercised was $1.0 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, respectively.

Total share-based compensation expense for share options granted was $7.4 million and $3.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, respectively. Expense for non-employee consultants for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was immaterial.

The following table presents, on a weighted average basis, the assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine the fair value of share options granted to employees and directors:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

    

Risk-free interest rate

 

1.5

%  

0.5

%  

Expected volatility

 

81.5

%  

79.5

%  

Expected dividend yield

 

 

 

Expected term (in years)

 

6.0

 

6.0

 

As of March 31, 2022, total unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested employee and director share-based awards was $54.5 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.3 years.

12

Table of Contents

Restricted Share Units

The following table summarizes activity for RSUs under the 2020 Plan for the three months ended March 31, 2022:

Weighted-Average

Number of Shares Underlying RSUs

Grant Date Fair Value

Unvested at December 31, 2021

$

Granted

222,725

60.86

Vested

(35,000)

60.86

Unvested at March 31, 2022

187,725

$

60.86

The fair value of restricted share units that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $2.1 million.

Total share-based compensation expense for RSUs granted was $2.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2022, the total unrecognized compensation related to unvested RSUs granted was $10.7 million, which the Company expects to recognize over a weighted-average period of approximately 3.8 years.

9. Significant agreements

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized revenue for its collaborations with Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Ionis”), Genentech Inc. (“Genentech”), the Dementia Discovery Fund (“DDF”), and AstraZeneca AB (“AstraZeneca”). The following table summarizes the revenue recognized in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss from these arrangements (in thousands):

Three Months 

Ended 

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Collaboration revenues

    

  

    

  

Ionis

$

2,314

$

Genentech

1,474

1,448

Dementia Discovery Fund

 

72

 

83

AstraZeneca

277

Total collaboration revenues

$

3,860

$

1,808

Ionis Agreements

Ionis Evaluation and Option Agreement

On December 31, 2020 (the “Effective Date”), the Company entered into an Evaluation and Option Agreement (the “Evaluation and Option Agreement”) with Ionis. Under the terms of the Evaluation and Option Agreement, the Company agreed to transfer Bicycles (the “Option Materials”) to Ionis in order to evaluate a particular application of the Company’s technology platform for a period of up to four months (the “Evaluation Period”). Ionis agreed to pay a non-refundable $3.0 million option fee within five business days after the Effective Date.

At any point during the term of the agreement and continuing through 30 days after the expiration of the Evaluation Period, Ionis had the option (the “Ionis Option”) to obtain an exclusive license to the Company’s intellectual property for the purpose of continued research, development, manufacture and commercialization of products within a particular application of the Company’s platform technology. The upfront payment of $3.0 million was fully creditable against the upfront payment to be paid upon the execution of a license agreement.

13

Table of Contents

The Company concluded that the only performance obligation was a material right for the option to obtain an exclusive license. All other promises under the Evaluation and Option Agreement were immaterial in the context of the contract. The Company accounted for the $3.0 million payment as deferred revenue as of December 31, 2020. On July 9, 2021 the Ionis Option was exercised upon the parties’ entry into a collaboration and license agreement as contemplated by the Evaluation and Option Agreement. The Company determined that the Ionis Option exercise constituted a continuation of the existing arrangement. Therefore, the $3.0 million in deferred revenue under the Evaluation and Option Agreement was included in the transaction price of the collaboration and license agreement.

Ionis Collaboration Agreement

Following the exercise by Ionis of the Ionis Option granted pursuant to the Evaluation and Option Agreement, on July 9, 2021, the Company and Ionis entered into a collaboration and license agreement (the “Ionis Collaboration Agreement”). Pursuant to the Ionis Collaboration Agreement, the Company granted to Ionis a worldwide exclusive license under the Company’s relevant technology to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize products incorporating Bicycle peptides directed to the protein coded by the gene TFRC1 (transferrin receptor) (“TfR1 Bicycles”) intended for the delivery of oligonucleotide compounds directed to targets selected by Ionis for diagnostic, therapeutic, prophylactic and preventative uses in humans. Ionis will maintain exclusivity to all available targets unless it fails to achieve specified development diligence milestone deadlines. If Ionis fails to achieve one or more development diligence milestone deadlines, the Company has the right to limit exclusivity to certain specific collaboration targets, subject to the payment by Ionis of a low-single-digit million dollar amount per target as specified in the Ionis Collaboration Agreement. Each party will be responsible for optimization of such TfR1 Bicycles and other research and discovery activities related to TfR1 Bicycles, as specified by a research plan, and thereafter Ionis will be responsible for all future research, development, manufacture and commercialization activities. The Company will perform research and discovery activities including a baseline level of effort for a period of three years for no additional consideration. The parties will negotiate a commercially reasonable rate if additional research activities are agreed to be performed. For certain research and discovery activities that the Company is responsible for performing, the Company may use the assistance of a contract research organization (“CRO”). The Company has retained certain rights, including the right to use TfR1 Bicycles for all non-oligonucleotide therapeutic purposes.

The activities under the Ionis Collaboration Agreement are governed by a joint steering committee (“JSC”) with an equal number of representatives from the Company and Ionis. The JSC will oversee the performance of the research and development activities. Upon first commercial sales of a licensed product, the JSC will have no further responsibilities or authority under the Ionis Collaboration Agreement.

Under the Ionis Collaboration Agreement, Ionis made a non-refundable upfront payment of $31.0 million in addition to the $3.0 million already paid under the Option and Evaluation Agreement. Additionally, Ionis is obligated to reimburse the Company on a pass-through basis for expenses incurred in connection with research and discovery activities performed by a CRO. If Ionis is at risk of failing to achieve a specified development diligence milestone deadline, it can make up to three separate payments of a mid-single-digit million dollar amount to extend the development diligence milestone deadlines. On a collaboration target-by-collaboration target basis, Ionis will be required to make a low-single-digit million dollar payment upon acceptance of an investigational new drug application (“IND”) for the first product directed to such collaboration target (provided that Ionis will have a high single-digit million dollar credit to be applied towards the IND acceptance fee for four collaboration targets, or for exclusivity payments for certain targets if specified development diligence milestones deadlines are not achieved), and Ionis will be required to make milestone payments upon the achievement of specified development and regulatory milestones of up to a low double-digit million dollar amount per collaboration target. In addition, the Company is eligible to receive up to a low double-digit million dollar amount in cumulative sales milestone payments. The Company is also entitled to receive tiered royalty payments on net sales at percentages in the low single digits, subject to certain standard reductions and offsets. Royalties will be payable, on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis, until the latest of the expiration of specified licensed patents covering such product in such country, ten years from first commercial sale of such product in such country, or expiration of marketing exclusivity for such product in such country.

In December 2021, the Company and Ionis entered into an amendment to the Ionis Collaboration Agreement (the “Ionis Amendment”). Ionis paid the Company $1.6 million and the Company agreed to perform additional research

14

Table of Contents

services utilizing its proprietary phage screening technology to identify and optimize new product candidates that target the TfR1 receptor. The Company will perform the additional research services for an initial six-month period in exchange for consideration of $0.8 million. Ionis has an option for the Company to perform additional research services for an additional six months if specified criteria are mutually agreed to and achieved, in exchange for the remaining consideration of $0.8 million. If the option is not exercised, the Company will refund $0.8 million to Ionis.

Either party may terminate the Ionis Collaboration Agreement for the uncured material breach of the other party or in the case of insolvency. Ionis may terminate the Ionis Collaboration Agreement for convenience on specified notice periods depending on the development stage of the applicable target, either in its entirety or on a target-by-target basis.

Ionis Share Purchase Agreement

Concurrently with the execution of the Ionis Collaboration Agreement on July 9, 2021, the Company entered into a share purchase agreement (the “Ionis Share Purchase Agreement”) with Ionis, pursuant to which Ionis purchased 282,485 of the Company’s ordinary shares (the “Ionis Shares”) at a price per share of $38.94, for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $11.0 million.

Pursuant to the terms of the Ionis Share Purchase Agreement, Ionis has agreed not to, without the Company’s prior written consent and subject to certain conditions and exceptions, among other things, directly or indirectly acquire additional shares of the Company’s outstanding equity securities, seek or propose a tender or exchange offer, merger or other business combination involving the Company, solicit proxies or consents with respect to any matter, or undertake other specified actions related to the potential acquisition of additional equity interests in the Company (collectively, the “Standstill Restrictions”). The Standstill Restrictions will expire on the 18-month anniversary of the Ionis Share Purchase Agreement.

The Share Purchase Agreement also provides that, subject to limited exceptions, Ionis will hold and not sell any of the Ionis Shares until the earlier of (i) the first anniversary of the closing of the sale of the shares under the Ionis Share Purchase Agreement (the “Closing Date”) and (ii) the termination of the Ionis Collaboration Agreement pursuant to its terms (provided, however, that in the event the termination of the Ionis Collaboration Agreement occurs less than six months after the Closing Date, Ionis shall hold and will not sell or otherwise enter into a transaction regarding the Ionis Shares until at least the date that is six months after the Closing Date).

The Company determined the fair value of the Ionis Shares to be $7.6 million, based on the closing price of the Company’s ADSs of $31.11 per ADS on the date of the Ionis Share Purchase Agreement, less a discount for lack of marketability associated with resale restrictions applicable to the Ionis Shares, which was recorded as a component of shareholders’ equity. The Company concluded that the premium paid by Ionis under the Ionis Share Purchase Agreement represents additional consideration for the goods and services to be provided under the Ionis Collaboration Agreement. As such, the total premium of $3.4 million was included in the transaction price under the Ionis Collaboration Agreement.

Accounting Analysis

Upon execution of the Ionis Collaboration Agreement, the Company identified the following promises in the arrangement: i) a worldwide exclusive license to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize products incorporating TfR1 Bicycles intended for the delivery of oligonucleotide compounds directed to targets selected by Ionis for diagnostic, therapeutic, prophylactic and preventative uses in humans; ii) research and discovery activities to customize and optimize such TfR1 Bicycles; iii) four material rights associated with options to obtain credits to be applied towards the IND acceptance fee for four collaboration targets.

The Company’s participation in the JSC was deemed immaterial in the context of the contract. The Company has concluded that the exclusive license to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize products is not distinct from the research and development services as Ionis cannot obtain the intended benefit of the license without the Company performing the agreed upon research and discovery services, including the optimization of such TfR1 Bicycles. The services incorporate proprietary technology, unique skills and specialized expertise to optimize Bicycles

15

Table of Contents

that are not available in the marketplace. As a result, the exclusive license to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize products has been combined with the research and discovery activities into a single performance obligation. The Company concluded that the low-single-digit million dollar payments upon acceptance of an IND (and payment to extend the exclusive license to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize a product candidate for certain specific collaboration targets if Ionis fails to achieve specified development diligence milestone deadlines) is a customer option, as Ionis has the contractual right to choose to make the payment in exchange for the continued exclusive right to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize the product candidate, and the Company is not presently obligated to provide, and does not have a right to consideration, for the additional goods or services prior to Ionis’s exercise of the option. In assessing whether the options under the Ionis Collaboration Agreement represent material rights, the Company considered the additional consideration the Company would be entitled to upon the option exercise and the standalone selling price of the underlying goods and services. For the material rights identified above, the Company concluded that each of the options to obtain credits provided Ionis with a discount that it otherwise would not have received without entering into the Ionis Collaboration Agreement.

The total transaction price was initially determined to be $38.0 million, consisting of the $31.0 million up front payment, the $3.0 million payment under the Option and Evaluation Agreement, that was credited against the total upfront payment payable pursuant to the Ionis Collaboration Agreement, the $3.4 million premium paid under the Ionis Share Purchase Agreement, and an estimated $0.6 million for the reimbursement of CRO costs. Additional variable consideration including development diligence milestone deadline extension payments, development and regulatory milestone payments, sales milestone payments and royalty payments was fully constrained as a result of the uncertainty regarding whether any of the milestones will be achieved.

The transaction price was allocated to the performance obligations based on the relative estimated standalone selling prices of each performance obligation. The estimated standalone selling price of the Ionis combined licenses and research and discovery performance obligation was based on the nature of the licenses to be delivered, as well as the services to be performed and estimates of the associated effort and costs of the services, adjusted for a reasonable profit margin for what would be expected to be realized under similar contracts. The estimated standalone selling price for the material rights was determined based on the estimated value of the underlying goods and services, and the probability that Ionis would exercise the option. Based on the relative standalone selling price, the allocation of the transaction price as of March 31, 2022 to the separate performance obligations is as follows (in thousands):

Allocation of 

Performance Obligations

    

Transaction Price

Combined licenses and research and discovery performance obligation

$

34,100

Four material rights associated with credits for IND Acceptance fees

 

3,900

$

38,000

The Company is recognizing revenue related to amounts allocated to the combined licenses and research and discovery performance obligation using a proportional performance model over the period of service using input-based measurements including total full-time equivalent effort and CRO costs incurred to date as a percentage of total full-time equivalent effort and CRO costs expected, which best reflects the progress towards satisfaction of the performance obligation. The amount allocated to the material rights is recorded as deferred revenue and the Company commences revenue recognition upon exercise of or upon expiry of the respective option. The Company anticipates that the combined licenses and research and discovery performance obligation will be satisfied over a period of three years and anticipates the material rights may be exercisable or may expire after approximately four years from contract execution.

The Company concluded that the Ionis Amendment will be accounted for as a separate contract, as the services are distinct from the Ionis Collaboration Agreement, and the price of the contract increased by an amount of consideration that reflects the Company’s standalone selling price. The Company concluded that the option does not contain a material right. The Company will recognize the $0.8 million as revenue as the underlying services are performed using a proportional performance model over the period of service using input based measurements of total full time equivalent efforts and external costs incurred to date as a percentage of total expected full time equivalent efforts and expected external costs, which best reflects the progress towards satisfaction of the performance obligation. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $2.3 million and no revenue,

16

Table of Contents

respectively, and as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded deferred revenue of $30.9 million and $34.1 million, respectively, in connection with the Ionis Collaboration Agreement, Ionis Amendment, and Ionis Evaluation and Option Agreement.

Genentech Collaboration Agreement

On February 21, 2020, the Company entered into a Discovery Collaboration and License Agreement (the “Genentech Collaboration Agreement”) with Genentech. The collaboration is focused on the discovery and development of Bicycle peptides directed to biological targets selected by Genentech and aimed at developing up to four potential development candidates against multiple immuno-oncology targets suitable for Genentech to advance into further development and commercialization.

Under the terms of the Genentech Collaboration Agreement, Bicycle received a $30.0 million upfront, non-refundable payment. The initial discovery and optimization activities are focused on utilizing Bicycle’s phage screening technology to identify product candidates aimed at two immuno-oncology targets (“Genentech Collaboration Programs”), which may also include additional discovery and optimization of Bicycles as targeting elements for each Genentech Collaboration Program (each a “Targeting Arm”). Genentech has the option to nominate up to two additional immuno-oncology targets (each, an “Expansion Option”), which may also include an additional Targeting Arm for each Expansion Option, as additional Genentech Collaboration Programs during a specified period following completion of certain activities under an agreed research plan. If Genentech exercises one or more Expansion Options, Genentech is obligated to pay to the Company an expansion fee of $10.0 million per Expansion Option. Genentech also has rights, under certain limited circumstances, to select an alternative target to be the subject of a Genentech Collaboration Program, in some cases subject to payment of an additional target selection fee.

If Genentech elects for Bicycle to perform discovery and optimization services for certain Targeting Arms, the Company will be entitled to receive an additional advance payment for the additional research services. Genentech exercised its right to select a Targeting Arm for one of the initial Genentech Collaboration Programs at the inception of the arrangement, which entitled the Company to an additional $1.0 million payment. If a Targeting Arm achieves specified criteria in accordance with the research plan, Genentech will be required to pay a further specified amount in the low single digit millions for each such Targeting Arm as consideration for the additional services to be provided.

Bicycle granted to Genentech a non-exclusive research license under Bicycle’s intellectual property solely to enable Genentech to perform any activities under the agreement. The activities under the Genentech Collaboration Agreement are governed by a joint research committee (“JRC”) with representatives from each of the Company and Genentech. The JRC will oversee, review and recommend direction of each Genentech Collaboration Program, achievement of development criteria, and variations of or modifications to the research plans.

After the Company performs the initial discovery and optimization activities in accordance with an agreed research plan and achieves specified criteria, Genentech will have the option to have the Company perform initial pre-clinical development and optimization activities in exchange for an additional specified milestone payment in the mid-single digit millions for each Genentech Collaboration Program (the “LSR Go Option”). Upon completion of such initial pre-clinical development and optimization activities for each Genentech Collaboration Program, Genentech will have the option to obtain an exclusive license to exploit any compound developed under such Genentech Collaboration Program in exchange for an additional specified payment in the mid to high single digit millions for each of the initial two Genentech Collaboration Programs and each of the two Expansion Option Genentech Collaboration Programs (the “Dev Go Option”).

On a Genentech Collaboration Program by Genentech Collaboration Program basis, if Genentech elects to obtain exclusive development and commercialization rights and pays the applicable LSR Go Option and Dev Go Option fees, Genentech will be required to make milestone payments to the Company upon the achievement of specified development, regulatory, and initial commercialization milestones for products arising from each collaboration program, totaling up to $200.0 million. Specifically, the Company is eligible for additional development milestones totaling up to $65.0 million, as well as regulatory milestones of up to $135.0 million for each collaboration program. In addition, the Company is also eligible to receive up to $200.0 million in sales milestone payments on a Genentech Collaboration

17

Table of Contents

Program-by-Genentech Collaboration Program basis. In addition, to the extent any of the product candidates covered by the licenses conveyed to Genentech are commercialized, the Company would be entitled to receive tiered royalty payments on net sales at percentages ranging from the mid-single to low double-digits, subject to certain standard reductions and offsets. Royalties will be payable, on a product by product and country by country basis, until the later of the expiration of specified licensed patents covering such product in such country, or ten years from first commercial sale of such product in such country.

Accounting Analysis

Upon the execution of the Genentech Collaboration Agreement, the Company has identified the following performance obligations:

(i)Research license, and the related research and development and preclinical services through LSR Go for a first Genentech Collaboration Program (Genentech Collaboration Program #1);
(ii)Research license, and the related research and development and preclinical services through LSR Go for a second Genentech Collaboration Program with a specified Targeting Arm (Genentech Collaboration Program #2);
(iii)Material right associated with an option to a specified Targeting Arm for Genentech Collaboration Program #1;
(iv)Two material rights associated with the LSR Go Option for Genentech Collaboration Program #1 and Genentech Collaboration Program #2, which includes research services to be provided through the Dev Go Option and an option to receive an exclusive license;
(v)Material rights associated with certain limited substitution rights with respect to a limited number of collaboration targets;
(vi)Two material rights related to each Genentech Expansion Option, which upon exercise include the services for an additional immuno-oncology target through the LSR Go Option, an LSR Go Option which includes the services to be provided through the Dev Go Option and an option to receive an exclusive license, limited substitution rights, and an option to select a specified Targeting Arm.

The Company concluded that certain substitution rights that require the payment of additional consideration, which approximate the standalone selling price of the underlying services to be provided, do not provide the customer with a material right and therefore, are not considered as performance obligations and are accounted for as separate contracts upon exercise, if ever. The Company’s participation in the joint steering committee was assessed as immaterial in the context of the contract.

The Company has concluded that the research license is not distinct from the research and development services as Genentech cannot obtain the benefit of the research license without the Company performing the research and development services. The services incorporate proprietary technology and unique skills and specialized expertise, particularly as it relates to constrained peptide technology that is not available in the marketplace. As a result, for each research program, the research license has been combined with the research and development services into a single performance obligation. In addition, the Company concluded that the Dev Go Option is not distinct or separately exercisable from the LSR Go Option, as the customer cannot benefit from the Dev Go Option unless and until the LSR Go Option is exercised.

In assessing whether the various options under the Genentech Collaboration Agreement represent material rights, the Company considered the additional consideration the Company would be entitled to upon the option exercise, the standalone selling price of the underlying goods, services, and additional options. For the material rights identified above the Company concluded that each of the options provided Genentech with a discount that it otherwise would not have received.

18

Table of Contents

The total transaction price was initially determined to be $31.0 million, consisting of the $30.0 million upfront fee and the additional $1.0 million for Genentech’s selection of a new Targeting Arm at inception. The Company utilizes the most likely amount method to determine the amount of research and development funding to be received. Additional consideration to be paid to the Company upon the exercise of options by Genentech and subsequent milestones are excluded from the transaction price as they relate to option fees and milestones that can only be achieved subsequent to the exercise of an option. In addition, other variable consideration for development milestones not subject to option exercises was fully constrained, as a result of the uncertainty regarding whether any of the milestones will be achieved.

In March 2021, the Company achieved specified criteria in accordance with the research plan under the Genentech Collaboration agreement and therefore updated its estimate of the variable consideration to include an additional $2.0 million, that is no longer constrained. The arrangement consideration was increased to $33.0 million.

The transaction price was allocated to the performance obligations based on the relative estimated standalone selling prices of each performance obligation. The estimated standalone selling prices for the Genentech Collaboration Programs was based on the nature of the services to be performed and estimates of the associated effort and costs of the services, adjusted for a reasonable profit margin for what would be expected to be realized under similar contracts. The estimated standalone selling price for the material rights was determined based on the fees Genentech would pay to exercise the options, the estimated value of the underlying goods and services, and the probability that Genentech would exercise the option and any underlying options. Based on the relative standalone selling price, the allocation of the transaction price as of March 31, 2022 to the separate performance obligations is as follows (in thousands):

Allocation of 

Performance Obligations

    

Transaction Price

Genentech Collaboration Program #1 Performance Obligation

$

4,019

Genentech Collaboration Program #2 Performance Obligation

 

8,037

Specified Targeting Arm Material Right Arm for Genentech Collaboration Program #1

 

352

Two material rights associated with the LSR Go Option for Collaboration Programs #1 and #2

 

12,400

Material rights associated with limited substitution rights

1,187

Two material rights for Expansion Options

7,005

$

33,000


The Company is recognizing revenue related to amounts allocated to the Genentech Collaboration Program #1 and #2 Performance Obligations as the underlying services are performed using a proportional performance model over the period of service using input-based measurements of total full-time equivalent efforts and external costs incurred to date as a percentage of total full-time equivalent efforts and external costs expected, which best reflects the progress towards satisfaction of the performance obligation. The amount allocated to the material rights is recorded as deferred revenue and the Company will commence revenue recognition upon exercise of or upon expiry of the respective option. The Company anticipates that the Genentech Collaboration Performance Program #1 and #2 obligations will be performed over a period of approximately two years, and the material rights will be exercised or expire within approximately four years from contract execution.

In October 2021, Genentech exercised an Expansion Option to add an additional Genentech Collaboration Program (Genentech Collaboration Program #3) and paid to the Company an expansion fee of $10.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2021. Genentech also elected for Bicycle to perform discovery and optimization services for a Targeting Arm, and the Company is entitled to receive an additional payment of $1.0 million for additional research services. The Company concluded that the exercise of the Expansion Option and Targeting Arm option is accounted for as a continuation of an existing contract as the customer decided to purchase additional goods and services contemplated in the original contract, as such, the additional arrangement consideration of $11.0 million received upon the option exercises together with the amount originally allocated to the Expansion Option material right of $3.5 million is allocated to the underlying goods and services associated with the Expansion Option. The arrangement consideration was allocated to the separate performance obligations on the same basis as the initial allocation of the Genentech Collaboration Agreement. The Company will recognize $6.4 million allocated to Genentech Collaboration Program #3

19

Table of Contents

and Targeting Arm services as the underlying services are performed using a proportional performance model over the period of service of approximately 2 years using input-based measurements of total full-time equivalent efforts and external costs incurred to date as a percentage of total full-time equivalent efforts and external costs expected, which best reflects the progress towards satisfaction of the performance obligation. The amount allocated to the material right associated with an LSR Go Option for Collaboration Program #3 of $7.4 million, and limited substitution material rights of $0.7 million, are recorded as deferred revenue and the Company will commence revenue recognition upon exercise of or upon expiry of the respective option. Other variable consideration for development milestones not subject to option exercises was fully constrained, as a result of the uncertainty regarding whether any of the milestones will be achieved.

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized revenue of $1.5 million and $1.4 million, respectively, and as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded $32.0 million and $34.4 million, respectively, of deferred revenue in connection with the Genentech Collaboration Agreement.

AstraZeneca Collaboration Agreement

In November 2016, the Company entered into a Research Collaboration Agreement (the “AstraZeneca Collaboration Agreement” with AstraZeneca. The collaboration activities initially focused on two targets within respiratory, cardiovascular and metabolic disease, for which collaboration activities were terminated by AstraZeneca in October 2020 and March 2021, respectively. In May 2018, AstraZeneca exercised an option to nominate four additional targets (“Additional Four Target Option”). As a result, AstraZeneca was entitled to obtain research and development services from the Company with respect to Bicycle peptides that bind to up to four additional targets, along with license rights to those selected targets, in exchange for an option fee of $5.0 million. After discovery and initial optimization of such Bicycle peptides, AstraZeneca is responsible for all research and development, including lead optimization and drug candidate selection. AstraZeneca has option rights, at drug candidate selection, which allow it to obtain development and exploitation license rights with regard to such drug candidate. Each research program is to continue for an initial period of three years, referred to as the research term, including one year for the Bicycle Research Term and two years for the AZ Research Term. AstraZeneca may extend the research term for each research program by twelve months (or fifteen months, if needed to complete certain toxicology studies) or may shorten the research term for a research program if it is ceased due to a screening failure, a futility determination, or abandonment by AstraZeneca. AstraZeneca was obligated to fund two FTEs during the Bicycle Research Term, for each research program, based on an agreed upon FTE reimbursement rate. AstraZeneca has the option to obtain worldwide development and commercialization licenses associated with each designated drug candidate in return for a fee of $8.0 million per drug candidate, upon the selection of such drug candidate. AstraZeneca is required to make certain milestone payments to the Company upon the achievement of specified development, regulatory and commercial milestones. More specifically, for each research program, the Company is eligible to receive up to $29.0 million in development milestone payments and up to $23.0 million in regulatory milestone payments. The Company is also eligible for up to $110.0 million in commercial milestone payments, on a research program by research program basis. In addition, to the extent any of the drug candidates covered by the licenses conveyed to AstraZeneca are commercialized, the Company would be entitled to receive tiered royalty payments of mid-single digits based on a percentage of net sales, subject to certain reductions, including in certain countries where the licensed product faces generic competition. AstraZeneca may terminate the AstraZeneca Collaboration Agreement, entirely or on a licensed product by licensed product or country by country basis, for convenience.

Accounting Analysis

Upon the execution of the Additional Four Target Option, the Company identified the following five performance obligations associated with the May 2018 AstraZeneca Agreement: (i) Research license and the related research and development services during the Bicycle Research Term for the third target (the “Target Three Research License and Related Services”), (ii) Material right associated with the development and exploitation license option for the third target (“Target Three Material Right”), (iii) Material right associated with the research services option, including the underlying development and exploitation license option for the fourth target (“Target Four Material Right”), (iv) Material right associated with the research services option, including the underlying development and exploitation license option for the fifth target (“Target Five Material Right”), and (v) Material right associated with the

20

Table of Contents

research services option, including the underlying development and exploitation license option for the sixth target (“Target Six Material Right”).

The Company concluded that the fourth, fifth and sixth targets available for selection were options. Upon exercise, AstraZeneca obtained a research license and the related research and development services and an option to a development and exploitation license. The Company has concluded that the research services option, including the underlying development and exploitation license options related to each respective target resulted in a material right as the option exercise fee related to the development and exploitation license contained a discount that AstraZeneca would not have otherwise received. The research license and the related research and development services related to the fourth, fifth and sixth targets were not performance obligations at the inception of the arrangement, as they were optional services that would be performed if AstraZeneca selected additional targets and they reflected their standalone selling prices and did not provide the customer with material rights. The Company’s participation in the joint steering committee was assessed as immaterial in the context of the contract.

The total transaction price was initially determined to be $5.7 million, consisting of the $5.0 million option exercise fee and research and development funding of an estimated $0.7 million. The research and development funding was provided based on the costs incurred to conduct the research and development services. The Company utilized the most likely amount method to determine the amount of research and development funding to be received. Additional consideration to be paid to the Company upon the exercise of the license options by AstraZeneca or upon reaching certain milestones was excluded from the transaction price as they related to option fees and milestones that can only be achieved subsequent to the license option exercise or are outside of the initial contact term.

The transaction price was allocated to the performance obligations based on the relative estimated standalone selling prices of each performance obligation. The estimated standalone selling prices for each Research License and Related Services obligation was primarily based on the nature of the services to be performed and estimates of the associated effort and costs of the services, adjusted for a reasonable profit margin what would be expected to be realized under similar contracts. The estimated standalone selling price for the material rights was determined based on the fees AstraZeneca would pay to exercise the license options, the estimated value of the License Option using comparable transactions, and the probability that (i) AstraZeneca would opt into the target development, and (ii) the license options would be exercised by AstraZeneca. Based on the relative standalone selling price, the allocation of the transaction price to the separate performance obligations was as follows (in thousands):

Allocation of 

Performance Obligations

    

Transaction Price

Target Three Research License and Related Services

$

650

Target 3 Material Right

 

1,504

Target 4 Material Right

 

1,204

Target 5 Material Right

 

1,165

Target 6 Material Right

 

1,127

$

5,650

The Company recognized revenue related to amounts allocated to the Target Three Research License and Related Services as the underlying services are performed using a proportional performance model over the period of service using input-based measurements of total full-time equivalent effort incurred to date as a percentage of total full-time equivalent time expected, which best reflected the progress towards satisfaction of the performance obligation. The amount allocated to the material rights is recorded as deferred revenue and the Company commences revenue recognition upon exercise of or upon expiry of the option. The optional future research license and the related research and development services related to the fourth, fifth and sixth targets reflect their standalone selling prices and do not provide the customer with a material right and, therefore, are not considered performance obligations and are accounted for as separate contracts. In June 2019, AstraZeneca selected a replacement target for the third target, and as such a new Research Term was started related to the Target Three Research License and Related Services. The total transaction price under the arrangement increased to $6.3 million for the additional research and development funding to be received. In October 2020, AstraZeneca terminated the collaboration activities related to the third target. As a result, deferred revenue related to the amount allocated to the Target 3 Material Right of $1.5 million was recognized during

21

Table of Contents

the year ended December 31, 2020. In August 2021, AstraZeneca terminated the collaboration activities related to the sixth target. As a result, deferred revenue related to the amount allocated to the Target 6 Material Right of $1.1 million was recognized during the year ended December 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2022, two research programs were in the AZ Research Term, and the research and development services associated with the Bicycle Research Term the fourth and fifth targets have been completed. In January 2022, AstraZeneca elected to extend the Research Term for the fourth target by 12 months.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company recognized no revenue related to the research and development services and termination of the sixth target, and for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized $0.3 million of revenue related to the research and development services for the sixth target related to the exercise of the Additional Four Target Option. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded $2.3 million and $2.4 million, respectively, of deferred revenue in connection with the Additional Four Target Option and related contracts.

The following table presents changes in the balances of the Company’s contract assets and liabilities (in thousands):

Beginning Balance

Impact of

Ending Balance

January 1,

Exchange

March 31,

    

2022

    

Additions

    

Deductions

    

Rates

    

2022

Contract liabilities:

  

  

  

  

  

Deferred revenue

  

  

  

  

  

Ionis collaboration deferred revenue

$

34,115

$

$

(2,314)

$

(906)

$

30,895

Genentech collaboration deferred revenue

34,436

(1,474)

(920)

32,042

DDF collaboration deferred revenue

 

428

 

 

(72)

(10)

 

346

AstraZeneca collaboration deferred revenue

 

2,361

 

 

(66)

 

2,295

Total deferred revenue

$

71,340

$

$

(3,860)

$

(1,902)

$

65,578

Beginning Balance

 

Impact of

Ending Balance

January 1,

Exchange

December 31,

    

2021

    

Additions

    

Deductions

    

Rates

    

2021

Contract liabilities:

  

  

  

  

  

Deferred revenue

  

  

  

  

  

Ionis collaboration deferred revenue

$

3,000

$

36,002

$

(4,242)

$

(645)

$

34,115

Genentech collaboration deferred revenue

27,579

13,000

(5,660)

(483)

34,436

DDF collaboration deferred revenue

 

821

 

 

(391)

 

(2)

 

428

AstraZeneca collaboration deferred revenue

 

3,756

 

54

 

(1,404)

 

(45)

 

2,361

Total deferred revenue

$

35,156

$

49,056

$

(11,697)

$

(1,175)

$

71,340